Disaster response robotics is an important and growing application domain in robotics. Robotics researchers and the general public are increasingly aware of disaster response and rescue robotics due to the presence of disaster response robots at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear power plant and 2008 Wenchuan earthquake. Researchers have proposed various solutions toward these applications using robotics technologies. However, less attention paid to multiple robots collaboration and remote chemical sensing (Drinking water and air quality) on disaster response robotics.
The environment monitoring application of a heterogeneous robotic system of unmanned vehicles: unmanned ground vehicle (UGV) and unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)and Marine robot are proposed. Three autonomous robotic systems: ground and aerial. This study propose a way to localize the ground and aerial robot coordinate, obstacles, and target position with air camera. The path planning is followed for motion control of the ground robot to arrive the target to conduct water quality inspection with onboard micro-spectrometer. The aerial robot will also sense the air quality with onboard Haze (PM2.5) detector and land on the ground robot.
The system propose real-time, local and global environment monitoring toward safety, security and rescue applications to reduce casualties, and to address the shortage of manpower.